DDR in Afghanistan is one of the main pillars for their SSR(Security Sector Reform). According to the document, DDR was the most successful pillar out of the five pillars. The key part of the DDR process was the success at the political level. It helped the restructuring and reorganization of the Afghan National Army and the National Police. The document claims that the ANBP was a success due to its’ management, results, and impacts. However, we have to ask the question, did it meet the strategic objective of breaking command and control?
Overall, I would have to say that this was overall not successful. Of course, it brought a mixed bag of results The CIP did bring the commanders back in to civilian life. The first part of the DDR program, disarmament was a success. However, when we are talking about the success of a DDR program, we need all three departments to click which did not happen here. Demobilization and reinsertion were not achieved and therefore, reintegration was not a success.”We find that the R of commanders should have been better planned, and earlier: it should have been well on the way to being put in place before the disarmament and demobilization started. Disarmament should have been quickly followed by the delivery of promised reinsertion activities and reintegration incentives (pg. 23).” Also trust seemed to be a key reason, things did not go to plan.
The targeting structure of the commanders was initially a good idea considering the power they had and also the instability that is in the region. Therefore, this plan was understandable. However, there were problems that came up. The commanders remained close to the soldiers and knew their movements. There has to be more innovative ways in order to take this route of having the commanders in the program.
I believe without question this was a “buy out package.” The document even admitted this by stating that it was a “buy them off program.” In the long run, it did not really help much and therefore, it just seemed like a temporary solution which was just papering the cracks over the real problem.
Overall, as we can see, it is very difficult to come up with proper solutions and to make the DDR program a real success. As we saw in this instance, the disarmament part of the program ended up working out but the other two parts ended up basically falling apart. This goes to show precise the planning and management has to be in order for a program to succeed.
By: Ahnaf Ahmed