DDR Peacekeeping | The Value of National Ownership

By Llaura Garcia, The New School

In peacekeeping, peacebuilding, and development efforts, a part of a successful post-conflict plan is a well-thought out DDR plan. DDR is about disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration of ex-combatants, refugees, and IDPs. Like all areas in peacekeeping, peacebuilding, and development efforts, the success of the operations is dependent on the framework, structure, and cooperation of the national and international institutions involved.

When dealing with DDR, several key points need to be taken into consideration: mandates and legal frameworks, structures and functions, and the coordination of structure processes. A prominent part of going through the DDR process is the need for coordination, clear points and direction, and collaboration between the different parties involved.

The success of DDR is highly dependent on a wide variety of factors which includes a national framework, a clear division of labor, a legal framework from the country, and the capacities of those involved should be taken into consideration.

In discussing mandates and legal frameworks, it is necessary for the national and international framework to be clear and coherent. In addition, the framework should incorporate a clear division of labor. In addition to having a clear framework, it is necessary for the structure to be reflective of the peace accord/treaty and should reflect the social, security, and economic implications of the DDR process. Lastly, the DDR process should take into consideration the policies of the country and be reflective when planning and implementing the processes.

One of the key issues with DDR is that there’s so much to do with so little time, resources, man power, and in some cases –motivation. DDR process in a post-conflict society requires a framework which reflects the motivation of the country. Without the motivation or national ownership of the country, there really isn’t anyone who would enforce the framework that’s been agreed upon. National ownership could be implemented in the form of policies, support from all areas of the government, and an open dialogue with donors, state and non-state actors. While involving other members of the community is important to the success of DDR, a key element in the process is also the connectedness of the country to the other parties involved.

A peace process involves a wide variety of elements which includes DDR. DDR alone has a wide variety of elements that needs to be taken into consideration when establishing mandates/frameworks. With DDR, a clear framework is necessary when implementing an integrated peacebuilding process. Clear mandates/frameworks are necessary because each level of issues is another complicated puzzle that needs to fit just right to make things work. One of the key points from the reading is that in order for DDR process to truly be a successful long-term procedure, national ownership is needed with an international support system which created a framework that is clear and moveable to sustainable peace in the country.

In peacekeeping, peacebuilding, and development efforts, a part of a successful post-conflict plan is a well-thought out DDR plan. DDR is about disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration of ex-combatants, refugees, and IDPs. Like all areas in peacekeeping, peacebuilding, and development efforts, the success of the operations is dependent on the framework, structure, and cooperation of the national and international institutions involved.

When dealing with DDR, several key points need to be taken into consideration: mandates and legal frameworks, structures and functions, and the coordination of structure processes. A prominent part of going through the DDR process is the need for coordination, clear points and direction, and collaboration between the different parties involved.

The success of DDR is highly dependent on a wide variety of factors which includes a national framework, a clear division of labor, a legal framework from the country, and the capacities of those involved should be taken into consideration.

In discussing mandates and legal frameworks, it is necessary for the national and international framework to be clear and coherent. In addition, the framework should incorporate a clear division of labor. In addition to having a clear framework, it is necessary for the structure to be reflective of the peace accord/treaty and should reflect the social, security, and economic implications of the DDR process. Lastly, the DDR process should take into consideration the policies of the country and be reflective when planning and implementing the processes.

One of the key issues with DDR is that there’s so much to do with so little time, resources, man power, and in some cases –motivation. DDR process in a post-conflict society requires a framework which reflects the motivation of the country. Without the motivation or national ownership of the country, there really isn’t anyone who would enforce the framework that’s been agreed upon. National ownership could be implemented in the form of policies, support from all areas of the government, and an open dialogue with donors, state and non-state actors. While involving other members of the community is important to the success of DDR, a key element in the process is also the connectedness of the country to the other parties involved.

A peace process involves a wide variety of elements which includes DDR. DDR alone has a wide variety of elements that needs to be taken into consideration when establishing mandates/frameworks. With DDR, a clear framework is necessary when implementing an integrated peacebuilding process. Clear mandates/frameworks are necessary because each level of issues is another complicated puzzle that needs to fit just right to make things work. One of the key points from the reading is that in order for DDR process to truly be a successful long-term procedure, national ownership is needed with an international support system which created a framework that is clear and moveable to sustainable peace in the country.

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